"Eagle" software ground plane tutorial

When we have an audio circuit, it is necessary, for the better shielding, and to avoid unnecessary noise, to create a ground plane.

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That is, cover with a negative pole the major possible quantity of copper, on the op as well as on the bottom of our printed circuit board. We’ll give you a practical example with our previous stereo assembly for turntables. Once we have the board ready, on its place and with its components, and the tracks completely finished, we shall do the following to create the ground plane.

Firstly, we select the icon Botón selección de capas, the top cap, the pads and the Vias.

Capas del Eagle

Afterwards, in Tools, on the left, we select “polygon”. Polígono

In the part above, the options of the mentioned tool are created for us. We are going to look for the one called “insolate”, which is on “0” by default.

Insolate Eagle

With this number we are going to define the distance which will be put between our ground plane and the tracks. A small number, like “0”, indicates less distance, and a bigger number indicates bigger distance.

A “1.016” value of “insolate” can be an acceptable value; it’s a question of experimenting with the distance we like the most.

Small distance between the tracks can provoke an undesired contact because of the attack of a little aggressive acid. Now we shall create a polygon around our printed circuit board.

Eagle placa top marco

Now, in the tools on the left, we select an icon “name” Name and a window is opened where we write a name that we have given to our negative pole, GND in our case.

Eagle GND

The program will then ask us with what signal we want to connect.

Eagle conectar con GND

We select GND and click on “accept”. And this is the result.

Resultado del plano de masa

We repeat the same steps for the bottom cap, and this is how we have created a ground plane on both sides.

Eagle plano de masa en la cara bottom

Sometimes it is necessary to refresh the screen to see the created mass plane, for this we click on the icon "Ratsnest" Icono para crear el plano de masa

If you don´t know how to make a printed circuit boards click here.